UN World Food Programme (WFP)
Assisting 80 million people in around 80 countries each year, the World Food Programme (WFP) is the leading humanitarian organization fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. As the international community has committed to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition by 2030, one in nine people worldwide still do not have enough to eat. Food and food-related assistance lie at the heart of the struggle to break the cycle of hunger and poverty.
The current level of hunger in Yemen is unprecedented and causing severe hardship for millions of people. Now, 17 million people in the country are food insecure, meaning they do not have enough food. Of these, 6.8 million - that is almost one in four people - are severely food insecure and rely entirely on external assistance. The rate of child malnutrition is one of the highest in the world.
In response to the escalated conflict in Yemen, WFP shifted its activities towards life-saving interventions. In October 2015, WFP launched an Emergency Operation (EMOP) that aims to provide food assistance to conflict-affected and food-insecure people in Yemen. The EMOP activities include delivery of assistance through in-kind food and market-based interventions (cash and voucher transfers); nutrition support to malnourished children and pregnant and nursing mothers. WFP expanded its operations in Yemen based on an Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report released in March 2017, and an Emergency Food Security and Nutrition Assessment (EFSNA) in November 2016. The IPC reported an alarming deterioration in food security, with the number of people struggling to buy or produce enough food to live on jumping from 14 million to 17 million people in the second half of 2016. In August 2017, WFP provided food assistance to nearly seven million people. WFP and its partners are making every effort to prevent a slide into famine or famine-like conditions.
As a lead agency for Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications Clusters, WFP operates Special Operations (SO) to ensure the required services for the entire humanitarian community. On behalf of Logistics Cluster, WFP delivers inter-agency cargo to Yemen and provides fuel for humanitarian activities. Many road networks in the hardest hit areas of the country are still not open, making communities in conflict-areas inaccessible for humanitarian workers. The WFP-managed UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) operates three flights a week between Djibouti and Sana’a for humanitarian workers. WFP, together with FAO, is a co-lead of the Food Security and Agriculture Cluster.