International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Established in 1951, IOM has grown over the years to become the leading international agency working with governments and civil society to advance the understanding of migration issues, encourage social and economic development through migration, and uphold the human dignity and well-being of migrants. As "the Migration Agency", IOM has become the point of reference in the heated global debate on the social, economic, and political implications of migration in the 21st century. IOM counts 162 Member States with Yemen becoming a Member State in 1999.
In Yemen, IOM is engaged across many sectors including humanitarian support to migrants, internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees and conflict-affected communities; it provides food and non-food items (NFIs), shelter, primary and emergency health care and nutrition, access to critical water resources and sanitation, hygiene awareness, counter-trafficking and mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS). In coordination with governments, IOM provides voluntary return assistance to individuals or groups willing to return to their countries of origin. In cases of refugees, IOM coordinates with UNHCR on repatriation and resettlement cases.
With the onset of the crisis in Yemen, IOM has assisted thousands of vulnerable migrants stranded in Yemen and has evacuated third country nationals who wished to depart the country and return home. IOM continues to support IDPs and conflict-affected communities with life-saving interventions such as water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), shelter, primary and emergency health and nutrition, and NFIs. In order to respond more effectively to the growing number of IDPs created by the conflict, IOM launched the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) to provide regular, timely, and accurate information on displacement patterns, demographics, and vulnerabilities. The gathered data is meant to assist IOM and its partners to tailor their activities to the humanitarian needs identified among the displaced.
Through its technical cooperation portfolio, IOM continues to support the authorities to identify the most suitable migration management approach through the formulation of national migration policies, enhanced border management, and the identification and protection of vulnerable migrants.